22nd Sunday after Pentecost

Do we make the truth plain to understand?  The Bible passage appointed for this week is the story of the Sadducees’ question to Jesus about the resurrection.  The Sadducees only believed in the first five books of the Bible and did not believe in any form of resurrection as, they felt, it wasn’t found in the teaching of Moses.  Therefore, their question to Jesus about the resurrection wasn’t a real question.  Rather, it was an attempt to trap Jesus and ridicule the concept of any theology of resurrection.  Jesus’ reply is masterful.  Firstly, he points out that they had completely misinterpreted what resurrection is and, secondly, he explains how Moses himself believed in resurrection by what he wrote in Exodus – one of the first five books of the Bible!  What do we draw from this passage?  Yes, it underlines the reality of the resurrection that the risen will be like angels who are different from mortal humans, but there is more.  Jesus had the gift of answering questions in a plain and understandable way.  This is why other religious onlookers commented, “Well said, Teacher!”  For us, the challenge is to do the same.

19th Sunday after Pentecost

What should our prayer life look like?  Of course, there are many dimensions to this question, but the Bible urges us to pray big, to pray expectantly and to pray persistently.  This week, the appointed reading is the story of the persistent widow.  The widow came appealing for justice against someone who harmed her. Jewish judges, or magistrates, at the time were notorious for taking bribes.  We are told that this particular magistrate was a godless man and we can infer that he too would be prone to bribes.  In a patriarchal society this widow would have had no resources.  She could not get justice by paying a bribe, but she did have one weapon and she used this one weapon relentlessly.  She had the weapon of persistence.  Eventually the magistrate gives in to her frequent visits and requests, and grants her justice.  Clearly God is not a godless judge who is prone to bribes, but Jesus makes the point quite simply that if this corrupt magistrate gives the woman what she asks for, how much more will He, our loving Heavenly Father grant us our requests too.  Pray big, pray expectantly AND pray persistently.

18th Sunday after Pentecost

Do we lack gratitude?  Do we care for our elderly parents in the way that they cared for us?  Do we look after our friends in the way that they would look after us?  Do we thank God for what he has done for us?  The Gospel passage assigned to this week is fundamentally about gratitude.  Jesus sees ten lepers between Samaria and Galilee on his way to Jerusalem.  The lepers were far off as was the required custom.  In his great compassion Jesus heals them but only one returns to say thank you.  90% don’t return to show their gratitude.  Currently about 90% of people don’t go to church in our country. Do we show gratitude as a nation? Do we show gratitude as individuals?  The man who returns to Jesus is not a Jew; he is a Samaritan.  Although Jews and Samaritans never mix, it is therefore quite clear that in their desperate illness, the 10 lepers, ignored this and stuck together.  It would be hoped that humanity in its desperate need of God would, in turn, group together.  There is one final twist to this story.  When the Samaritan returns in gratitude to God, he is already healed but Jesus says to him, “Your faith has made you well!”  Beyond the physical healing there is something even more important and that is a relationship with Jesus which brings eternal life.  This, above all else, warrants our gratitude.

17th Sunday after Pentecost

Do we demand too much from God?  Often our attitude to God is one of questioning his actions, or even his existence.  God why is there suffering?  God if you are there, why don’t you do this?  The Gospel passage assigned for this week talks about faith and then the position of a slave working on a farm.  In Jesus’ day, it was common to use the most vivid language.  When Jesus says, if you had enough faith you could uproot a mulberry tree, he was emphasising that faith was the greatest force in the world.  Next, Jesus goes on to say that a slave will not be served at the table by his master.  Rather, the slave serves the master first and then helps himself to food and drink.  Moreover, he is not thanked for simply doing his job.  The juxtaposition of these two passages is significant.  Yes, God can do anything for us and is willing to do so but this is not our right which we can demand.  God is God and we are his beloved creatures who have sinned.  Ask for the biggest things in your life but do not demand because no servant is greater than his master.

16th Sunday after Pentecost

Is a sin something that we do wrong?  In the Bible passage this week, Jesus tells the story of Lazarus and the rich man.  What had the rich man done wrong?  There is no indication that he was violent; no indication that he was a thief or dishonest.  He did not even try to forcibly remove Lazarus from the gate to his house but, rather, seemed happy for Lazarus to receive the scraps from his table.  Yet the rich man ends up in hell.  Why?  The problem with the rich man was not so much what he did, but rather what he didn’t do.  He lived in the lap of luxury while the world around him was in poverty.  People were starving and were in pain and yet he did nothing about it.  He didn’t even seem to notice that Lazarus existed.  Surely, on a few occasions at least, he could have invited Lazarus and others to dine with him.  After all, he ate exotic foods every day of his life while Lazarus couldn’t even fend off the dogs who licked his sores.  As always, we need to engage with this story and put ourselves into it.  In this country we live an opulent lifestyle compared with most in the world.  We are all probably behaving more like the rich man than we care to admit.  Our sin is not that we have done wrong in the eyes of the law but rather that we have not done enough in the light of this passage.

15th Sunday after Pentecost

Should we ever use worldly values in dealing with others?  The Bible passage this week is the story that Jesus told of the shrewd manager.  This is one of the most difficult passages to understand in the whole of the New Testament.  The reason is that all the actors in the story are dishonest.  Moreover, the owner commends the manager for being dishonest!  Perhaps the owner is not meant to be a figure representing God, but this is unlikely when seen in the context of all the other parables of Jesus.  For example, the owner in the parable of the vineyard.  What then is the main purpose of Jesus telling this parable?  I think it is this.  To repeatedly reject all worldly values is not always very efficient and it is often not wise.  Elsewhere in scripture Jesus admonishes us to be “as wise as serpents and as gentle as doves”.  God is sovereign over all things and calls us sometimes to embrace the values of the world in furthering His kingdom.  After all, some of the greatest hymns of the church were theological words put to well-known secular tunes.  Seen in this light, the words of Jesus in the parable of the shrewd manager begin to make sense: “I tell you, use your worldly resources to benefit others and make friends.  In this way, your generosity stores up a reward for you in heaven.”